Tuesday, 12 August 2014


The Virginia Railway Express runs commuter lines in Northern Virginia.
Because of the 1932 Byrd Road Act, the state government controls most of Virginia's roads, in lieu of a local county authority as is usual in other states.[252] As of 2011, the Virginia Department of Transportation owns and operates 57,867 miles (93,128 km) of the total 70,105 miles (112,823 km) of roads in the state, making it the third largest state highway technique in the United States.[253] Although the Washington Metropolitan Area, which includes Northern Virginia, has the second worst traffic in the nation, Virginia as a whole has the 21st-lowest congestion and the average commute time is 26.9 minutes.[254][255]

Main news story: Transportation in Virginia
Blue and silver train engine with red and white accent lines moves closer leading a series of similarly colored passenger cars with shrubs as well as a sound wall in the background.

Virginia has Amtrak passenger rail service along several corridors, and Virginia Railway Express (VRE) maintains commuter lines in to Washington, D.C. from Fredericksburg and Manassas. VRE is of the nation's quickest growing commuter rail services, handling  twenty,000 passengers a day.[256] The Washington Metro speedy transit technique serves Northern Virginia as far west as communities along I-66 in Fairfax County, with expansion designs to reach Loudoun County by 2017.[257] Major freight railroads in Virginia include Norfolk Southern and CSX Transportation. Commuter buses include the Fairfax Connector and the Shenandoah Valley Commuter Bus. The Virginia Department of Transportation operates several free ferries throughout Virginia, the most notable being the Jamestown-Scotland ferry which crosses the James River in Surry County.[258]

Virginia has major airports: Washington Dulles International handling over 23 million passengers a year, and Reagan Washington National which both serve the Washington metropolitan area and most of Northern Virginia, Norfolk International serving the Hampton Roads area, Richmond International, and Newport News/Williamsburg International Airport. Several other airports offer limited commercial passenger service, and sixty-six public airports serve the state's aviation needs.[259] The Virginia Port Authority's main seaports are those in Hampton Roads, which carried 17,726,251 short tons (16,080,984 t) of bulk cargo in 2007, the sixth most of United States ports.[260] The Eastern Shore of Virginia is the site of Wallops Flight Facility, a rocket testing middle owned by NASA, and the Mid-Atlantic Regional Spaceport, a commercial spaceport.[261][262] Space tourism is also offered through Vienna-based Space Adventures.[263]

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